Tree of the week: X Citrofortunella microcarpa – Citrus Calamondin

Good day,

Commonly known as Calamondin, X Citrofortunella microcarpa is a small bushy evergreen tree or shrub originating from China or the Philippines. It has a maximum height of around 7m when growing conditions are ideal. This tree is a cross between mandarin and kumquat, hence the ‘X ‘ preceding the genus name.

Leaves and the white star shaped flowers of X Citrofortunella microcarpa are aromatic. It blooms and produces fruits intermittently throughout the year. The fruit remains on the tree for a long time, it may take up to one year for the fruit to ripen. The fruit is either variegated or plain orange with a tart, acid flavour similar to a lemon or lime. Citrus Calamondin favours well drained soils and does not do well on clay soils.

Although it is mainly grown as an ornamental, Calamondin can also be cultivated for its Citrus juice. It can grow and produce fruit even when grown in a pot, making it ideal for very small gardens and patios. This shrub grows well grows both under full sun and semi-shade conditions. It is frost hardy and can tolerate low temperatures up to – 6˚C.